The oyster mushroom requires an average temperature of 20 – 30 degrees C, while a humidity of 55 to 70 percent is required for a period of 6 to 8 months in one year. In hilly areas – the best growing season is in March or April until September or even October. In countries at sea level, i.e. air landings, the ideal growing period is from September or October to March or April. Oyster mushrooms can be grown on several agro-waste such as rice straw, wheat/ragi, corn stalks and leaves, millet and cotton, used lemongrass leaves, sugar cane bagasse, sawdust, jute and cotton waste, used tea leaf waste, unnecessary recycled paper and even mushroom compost button. Industrial waste such as paper mill sludge, coffee by-products, tobacco waste, etc., can also be used for cultivation. In our society, we made mushroom soup, mushroom powder, papad with mushrooms, mushroom cucumber. These mushroom substitutes depend on our company`s customer order. First of all, it`s better to start buying 50 kg of spawning. After disinfecting the soils and walls of the house of the fungi, it becomes the cutting of the substrate or compost. Take a drum with about 100 liters of water and put only as much compost that is fully soaked in water.
Hold it for a day and then take the compost from the drum to be distributed in the soil and let it dry. Then take the polythenic pouch and aim to place about 100 grams of spawning per polythene bag. fairies according to the intended modalities, i.e. it is highly recommended (based on conversations with successful mushroom growers) to place at least 3 layers of spawning in each pouch, so that after each spawning layer, there should be at least 3 to 4 layers of compost or bhusa. After this preparation make at least 10-12 smaller holes – either in pencil or a sharp object, from the bottom to the top of the polytheca pocket, to get the right air current during the growth phase. Now, after the production of mushrooms, last step is to sell the products on the market. As a general rule, two practical pathways are indicated in point III. Spawning After spawning comes the spawning run or the phase during which spawning or mycelium can develop through the substrate. It is at this point that the mycelium of mushrooms begins […] Please note that costs are slightly higher and revenues are slightly lower when possible challenges that can increase costs or reduce revenue are taken into account. For example, the cost of using the 9W LED lamp may be less than Rs 500 per two months. Similarly, if the mushroom is sold under 200-250 grams of packets, it can be sold as high as Rs. (Here we took quantities of 125/kg if we assume that some packages will not be sold on the same day – they will be sold later as cucumbers or dried mushrooms cheaper than freshly sold mushrooms).
Overall, net income may be higher than the figure estimated in the normal scenario. Therefore, oyster mushroom farming is certainly viable. Self-marketing involves the entire process of collecting mushrooms from the growing point to bring it to market and complete the sales process. For sale, it is necessary to ensure that the market place where Mandi is close to the production area, otherwise this will result in an increase in costs. To increase the chances of selling the entire amount produced in the short term, say a month, it is advisable to choose 5-10 packages (each package can be 200-250 grams) and give them to the nearest vegetable sellers who have a good number of customers and who sell mushrooms.