December 3, 2007: The United States releases an unclassified summary of a new report on Iran`s nuclear program. The NIE says the secret service found ”with great confidence” that Iran had stopped its nuclear weapons program in the fall of 2003 and noted with some confidence that the program had not resumed since mid-2007. The report defines Iran`s nuclear program as a ”design and weapon work,” as well as a clandestine processing and enrichment of uranium. The NIE also stated that Iran was technically capable of producing enough highly enriched uranium for a nuclear weapon between 2010 and 2015. Carter said the agreement prevented Iran from ”obtaining a nuclear weapon in a complete and verifiable manner.”  He assured the Committee that the agreement would not reduce the ability of the United States to respond with military force if necessary.  To a question from McCain, Carter replied that he had ”no reason to foreshadow” that the agreement would continue to change Iran`s threatening behavior: ”That is why it is important that Iran does not have a nuclear weapon.”   Dempsey offered what he called a ”pragmatic” vision.  He neither praised nor criticized the agreement, but testified that the agreement reduced the chances of a short-term military conflict between the United States and Iran.  Dempsey stated that the agreement was aimed at deterring Iran from developing nuclear weapons, but did not respond to other concerns about Iran`s malicious activities in the region, ranging from ballistic missile technology to the arms trade to… malicious activities in cyberspace.”  He stated, ”Ultimately, Iranian time and behavior will determine whether the nuclear agreement is effective and sustainable” and said he would continue to provide military options to the president.  Senator Joni Ernst disagrees with Obama`s statement that the election is the nuclear deal with Iran or war. When Dempsey testified that the United States had ”a number of options” that he had presented to Obama, Ernst said, ”It is imperative that everyone on the board understands that there are other options.”   June 10, 2019: Yukiya Amano, Director General of the IAEA, tells the Agency`s Board of Governors that he is ”concerned about the growing tensions in the Iranian nuclear issue.” He said the JCPOA represented a ”considerable benefit for nuclear verification” and said full implementation was essential. The IAEA report on Iran`s implementation of the agreement indicates that Iran`s heavy water reserves were 125 tonnes below the 130-tonne limit and that the stockpile of low-enriched uranium was 174 kilograms below the 202-kilogram limit (or 300 kilograms of uraniumhexafluid).
The report notes that Iran has installed 33 advanced IR-6 centrifuges and says that technical discussions are underway on the IR-6. The report found that inspectors had access to all the sites and places they visited. Republican leaders promised to try to kill the deal as soon as it was released, even before secret sections were made available to Congress, and ”Republican lawmakers were running to send press releases criticizing it.”  According to the Washington Post, ”most Republicans in Congress remained deeply skeptical, some overtly dismissive, the prospect of lifting economic sanctions, while all Iranian uranium enrichment capabilities remained intact.”  Mitch McConnell said that the agreement ”seems to be far behind the goal we all thought we would achieve, that Iran would not be a nuclear state.”  According to a New York Times analysis, Republican opposition to the agreement ”seems to have emerged from a genuine aversion to the details of the agreement, an intrinsic distrust of President Obama, an intense loyalty to Israel, and a global vision of the role that sanctions have played beyond the prevention of Iran`s nuclear capabilities.”  The Washington Post identified 12 issues related to the agreement on which the two parties disagreed, including